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Introducere - Introducere

ในการเขียน เรียงความ/รายงาน/วิทยานิพนธ์ ฉันจะตรวจสอบ/ค้นหา/ประเมิน/วิเคราะห์
Nesta redação/ tese/ dissertação será examinado(a)/ investigado(a)/ avaliado(a)...
Introducere generală pentru un eseu/o lucrare
เพื่อตอบคำถามนี้ เราจะเริ่มต้นเข้าไปดูที่
Para responder esta questão deve-se observar...
Pentru a introduce un anumit domeniu sau subiect care urmează a fi dezbătut
ผู้เชี่ยวชาญของเราได้เข้าไปดูคำถามสักครู่....
A questão, se..., tem preocupado os especialistas há algum tempo.
Introducerea generală a unui subiect
เป็นที่รู้จักกันดีว่า...
Sabe-se que.../ É de conhecimento geral que...
Introducerea generală a unui subiect bine cunoscut
มีสิ่งต่างๆมากมายที่ได้ถูกเขียนเเละกล่าวถึง..
Muito já foi escrito/ dito sobre...
Introducerea generală a unui subiect
เป็นที่เห็นด้วยกันมากมายว่า...
É consenso geral que...
Introducerea generală a unui subiect care este unanim tratat dar la care aveți ceva de obiectat
เราจะมาดูปัจจัยทั้งหมดกัน...
Analisa-se agora os fatores...
Dezvoltarea introducerii pentru a vă exprima intenția cu privire la implicațiile lucrării dvs.
เราได้วิเคราะห์เพื่อบ่งชี้ถึง...
Esta análise visa identificar...
Descrierea exactă în introducere a conținutului lucrării
รูปแบบคงที่...คือ...
Um tópico/ assunto frequente em...é...
Introducerea temelor principale
ปรากฏการณ์ที่เห็นได้ชัด...ได้ถูกสังเกตหลายๆครั้ง
...é observado(a) repetidamente como um fenômeno empírico.
Accentuarea importanței studiului dvs.
คำถามที่กระตุ้นกระดาษแผ่นนี้คือ:...
De encontro à esta informação, a questão central que motiva este trabalho é...
Afirmația specifică care expune tema studiului și urmează după informațiile generale din fundal.
การวิจัยชิ้นนี้อธิบายสาเหตุของ...
Esta pesquisa explora as causas de/do/da...
Afirmație specifică pentru a exprima intenția urmărită în lucrare
ผู้เขียนจากการศึกษาล่าสุดได้เสนอว่า...
Os autores dos mais recentes estudos propõem que...
Se folosește pentru a prezenta felul de gândire actual care există în domeniul academic în legătură cu subiectul ales
จุดประสงค์ของเรานั้นเพื่อ...
Nosso propósito é...(Importante: em Português não é recomendado redigir trabalhos acadêmicos utilizando a primeira pessoa do singular. A primeira pessoa do plural raramente é usada. Geralmente se escreve na terceira pessoa, do singular ou plural)
Se folosește pentru a arăta scopurile principale ale studiului
หลังจากการตรวจสอบเชิงประจักษ์ เราหวังว่าเราสามารถสร้างสรรค์ให้คุณสามารถเข้าใจ...ได้อย่างถ่องแท้
Examinando de forma empírica..., espera-se chegar a um entendimento mais completo sobre...
Folosit pentru a descrie metoda de lucru utilizată și pentru a prezenta aspectul central al studiului

Introducere - Definiții

ในความหมาย... หมายถึง...
Por definição, ... significa...
Definirea unui anumit cuvânt
เพื่อจุดประสงค์ของเรียงความนี้ คำศัพท์...นี้หมายถึง
Neste trabalho a palavra...será considerada como...
Definirea unui anumit cuvânt
มันสำคัญมากที่คุณจะต้องชัดเจนกับความหมายของคำว่า...
É importante deixar claro a definição de...
Definirea unui anumit cuvânt
คำนี้...หมายถึง...
O termo...refere-se à/ao...
Definirea unui anumit cuvânt
โมเด็ลมาตรฐานได้แนะนำว่า...สามารถนิยามได้ว่า...
O modelo padrão sugere que...pode ser definido(a) como...
Se folosește pentru descrierea unui cuvânt a cărei definiție lasă loc de interpretare
เนื่องมาจาก...ซึ่งสามารถนิยามว่า...
De acordo com...,...é definido(a) como...
Se folosește pentru descrierea unui cuvânt a cărei definiție lasă loc de interpretare
...สามารถให้นิยามได้หลายทาง บางคนถกเถียงคำนี้แสดงถึง...
...pode ser definido(a) de diversas formas. Algumas pessoas argumetam que o termo denota...
Se folosește pentru descrierea unui cuvânt a cărei definiție lasă loc de interpretare
...นั้นเข้าใจได้อย่างทั่วไปว่าหมายถึง...
...geralmente significa...
Se folosește pentru descrierea unui cuvânt a cărei definiție lasă loc de interpretare
สิ่งที่เรานึกถึงเมื่อพูดถึง...คือ...
Frequentemente se pensa em... quando se fala de...
Se folosește pentru descrierea unui cuvânt a cărei definiție lasă loc de interpretare
ตัวอย่างสั้นๆ 2 ตัวอย่างเพื่อให้คอนเส็ปชัดแจ้งยิ่งขึ้น
Dois exemplos podem esclarecer este conceito.
O afirmație după care poți folosi exemple pentru a exemplifica ideea
มันสำคัญมากที่จะเน้นความหมาย
É importante enfatizar que...
Se folosește atunci când vrem să atragem atenţia asupra definiţiei noastre
เรามุ่งเน้นที่ประเด็นของ...
O foco é em/no/na...
O modalitate informală de a defini un anumit cuvânt
ในท้ายที่สุด เราควรนิยามความหมายของ...
Por fim, deve-se esclarecer o sgnificado da palavra...
Folosit spre finalul paragrafului pentru a defini un anumit cuvânt
เราหมายถึงว่า...
O que se quer dizer é...
Folosit pentru a explica o definiţie sau pentru a introduce exemple acelei definiţii
คำอธิบายหลายๆคำได้ถูกเสนอเข้ามา
Diversas explicações foram dadas.
O afirmaţie menită să introducă explicarea definiţiei
เราสามารถแบ่งแยกคำอธิบายให้เป็น...
Estas explicações são fundadas em/na/no...
Se folosește pentru a clarifica definiţia
คำอธิบายเหล่านั้นเติมเต็มซึ่งกันและกันและช่วยพัฒนาปรากฏการณ์ของ...
Estas explicaçõoes complementam uma à outra e exclarecem o fenômeno de/do/da...
Se folosește după ce s-au dat două exemple similare pentru a defini un cuvânt
อันเนื่องมาจาก...ผู้เชี่ยวชาญได้แย้งไว้ว่า...
Seguindo..., estudiosos argumentam que...
Atunci când există o definiţie dată de un expert în domeniu, definiţie la care au contribuit şi alţii

Introducere - Ipoteze

คำถามหลักนั้นกลายเป็น:...จะมีผลกระทบต่อ...อย่างไร?
A questão central torna-se a seguinte: como... pode afetar...?
Se folosește pentru prezentarea ipotezei principale
ใช้เพื่อเป็นหลักฐานสำหรับ... การตรวจสอบปัจจัยต่างๆที่มีผลต่อ...ดูเหมือนจะได้รับการรับรองแล้ว
Dado tal evidência para..., a análise dos fatores que impactam...parece justificada.
Se folosește pentru prezentarea ipotezei principale
เมื่อ 10 ปีที่ผ่านมา... และ...ได้เริ่มต้นการอภิปรายเกี่ยวกับคำถามนี้: ว่า...
Há mais de uma década ...e... iniciaram um debate com base na seguinte questão: se...
Se folosește pentru prezentarea ipotezei principale
การวิจัยครั้งนี้ได้อธิบายถึง...โดยการพัฒนาและทดสอบสมมติฐานต่างๆมากมายที่บ่งบอกถึง...มีผลกระทบต่อ...
Esta pesquisa dirige-se a..., desenvolvendo e testando uma série de hipóteses que indicam como...afeta...
Se folosește pentru prezentarea ipotezei principale
ดังนั้น เหตุผลข้างต้นได้เริ่มต้นโดย... เราได้ตั้งสมมติฐานว่า...
Assim, seguindo o raciocínio estabelecido por ..., admite-se a hipótese que...
Se folosește pentru prezentarea ipotezei principale
มีข้อถกเถียงที่เป็นทางการโดย... แต่ยังไม่ได้ถูกตรวจสอบ
Alguns destes argumentos foram previamente formalizados por..., mas nenhum deles foi testado.
Se folosește pentru introducerea ipotezei şi a afirma originalitatea studiului
หลักฐานจากการเรียนได้เสนอแนะปัจจัยที่เกี่ยวข้องกับ...
As evidências destes estudos sugerem uma variedade de fatores relativos à/ao...
Se folosește pentru a prezenta factorii relevanţi pentru studiul şi ipoteza ta
...ได้ค้นพบความสัมพันธ์ระหว่าง...และ...
...encontrou significante correlação entre...e...
Se folosește pentru a semnala cercetarea altei persoane care are relevanță pentru lucrarea ta